The world witnessed an exponential growth in demand for housing in the post-World War II era. This resulted from rapid population growth and urbanization, and the need to rebuild a large portion of the housing stock affected by the war in many countries.
To achieve scale and speed, mass housing was the preferred option in the decades of the 1950 to the 1970s. Mass public or social housing is a housing development that is publicly funded and administered usually for low-income families.
Over time, in some countries, the ownership of this housing stock has been given to residents.
Mass housing has been produced in many configurations including
In rare cases globally, public housing is integrated within the city urban texture.
While mass housing is still policy in some countries today, the majority built earlier are at a historic milestone.
The buildings are aging, in many cases in need of repair that is not being addressed due to limited resources.
Frequently, this housing stock is now occupied by lower income groups who are unable mobilize the resources or organize themselves to address the governance,management and maintenance needs.
Furthermore, in the quest to build large numbers of housing, the focus was on producing monolithic housing estates.
These were usually based on the dictates of modern planning’s strict zoning laws which segregated urban uses from each other resulting in large housing estates that necessitated a dependence on commuting to and from various urban uses.