Towards more sustainable cities
During the 19th century, access to urban spread that radically changed the city environment. In Japan, where urban density is high despite a largely horizontal layout, the coastal urban sprawl has developed considerably, making travel within the Tokyo megalopolis dependent on the smooth running of public transport systems. Conversely, the American model, which is entirely based on cars. Has reached dimensions that make daily journeys difficult in a world in which fossil energy resources are becoming scarce. The dispersal of settlements has gone has gone hand with that of manufacturing and services. Today, the ensuing increase in road transport and logistics centers is resulting in the saturation of major roads.
These observations, far from concerning only northern countries, are also affecting cities and urban areas in southern countries, wherever local population and economic growth are high.
‘’Compact cities ‘’. I.e. densely packed with limited land, have long been considered as places of environmental damage (pollution noise, lack of open spaces). ‘’Garden cities ‘’(low-density, providing a transition between the city and t
he countryside, built on the edge of cities)have themselves given rise to urban sprawl a development that is now revealing its limits from an environmental, economic and social view point. Today, a particular kind of dense city is emerging as an acceptable response to environmental challenges: short distances, integrated transport, management of energy need and waste. Building such a city implies a true land use policy: reclaiming dilapidated centers, wasteland and rundown suburbs, etc. land resources, previously considered unlimited in view of progress in agricultural productivity, are becoming, like water and energy resources, a decisive factor in city development strategies.
Building upon the precautionary principle according to needs drawing up integrated management plans, organizing the environment and the long term, saving resources, promoting recycling and developing clean energy are just some of the difficult but pressing demands for cities experiencing rapid growth.
- Japanese documentary to highlight Portland as one of Earth’s most sustainable cities: Portland City Hall Roundup (oregonlive.com)
- Land Use And Transit Integration Fosters Cities’ Economic Competitiveness, Environmental Sustainability, And Socially Inclusive Development (eurasiareview.com)
- The Loveland City Council approves 50% participation in the repair of the Big Dam #COflood (coyotegulch.wordpress.com)
- Chattanooga picked as Valley Sustainable Community (timesfreepress.com)
- 15 of the Best Quotes About Sustainable Cities (urbantimes.co)
- EU supports sustainable cities program in Colombia (technologyka.wordpress.com)
- Will New York City’s new Mayor usher in a new age of sustainability? (sustainablecitiescollective.com)
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