ROMANTIC ARCHITECTURE II

Interior staircase (detail), Government House,...

Interior staircase (detail), Government House, Melbourne. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The interior of the pavilion is done in a Chinese style, with richly decorated rooms suited to a vacation home.

Neo-Classicism also enjoyed a continued popularity in the form of
the mid-19th-century Greek Revival style, which can be considered a
Romantic style. Romanticism is also seen in the introduction of the
Italian country villa style during this period, called the Italianate
style. However, what makes the Italianate style different from the
nearly continuous classical revival that characterizes architecture
from antiquity onward is the motivation for its use. In this case,

it
specifically refers to the more Romantic notion of a nostalgic longing
for this Italian Renaissance building type rather than to the more
noble philosophical and sometimes political issues that are traditionally

English: The Robert Patrick Fitzgerald House (...

English: The Robert Patrick Fitzgerald House (1874) at 1119 N. Marshall Street in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was designed by E. Townsend Mix in the Italianate style and built with Cream City brick. The house was commissioned by Robert Patrick Fitzgerald (1823-1900), an Irish immigrant who became a shipowner and Great Lakes captain. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

pinned to the various classical revivals.
In America, these ideas can be seen in the most ornate Italianate
style house in the United States, which is the famous “Breakers
House” built overlooking the ocean in Newport, Rhode Island. Designed
by Richard Morris Hunt in the 1890s for Cornelius Vanderbilt,
this 70-room mansion features a three-part stone façade where
porticoes open at both the ground level and the upper story to allow
views of the surrounding countryside. The central porticoes are
flanked by wings on either side. While many more modest Italianate
homes are made of wood and feature modified Victorian woodwork,
this stone house represents the more monumental form of the Italianate
style. Clearly a vacation home for the wealthy, The Breakers
takes its cue from the Italian Renaissance villa type to create a visual
reference between the Vanderbilt family and the established aristocratic
families of Europe, who were widely viewed at this time as
more culturally refined than their American counterparts.
The Swiss chalet–style home, also considered a vacation home, became
popular in both Europe and the United States after it was introduced
in a pattern book published in 1850 by Andrew Jackson Downing.
This type of home, originating in the Alps, was more
economically amenable to the middle-class than the more “exotic”
Indian style, and therefore it found favor during the first several
decades of the 20th century, primarily in the mountain regions of the
United States.
Finally, the Octagon House, with its eight-sided shape, was introduced
during this era as well, and several hundred of them, built on
the East Coast and in the Midwest during the 1850s and 1860s, survive
today. Introduced in a pattern book published by Orson S.
Fowler in 1849, the octagonal house was considered to be very economical,
efficient in floor plan, and better lighted than a traditional
square building. Fowler’s ideas on indoor plumbing and central heating
were very forward-looking for his day, and although the Octagon
House did not ultimately become widely successful, its economical
design and practical features paved the way for subsequent designs
created to accommodate the influx of middle-class homeowners in
the 20th century.

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